There are many types of Victorian houses, each with distinctive features.
If you are interested in an old house, read on to learn more about houses from this period; We think you'll learn a thing or two.
Pair of chickens:
9 types of Victorian houses: a summary
Victorian houses generally share some characteristics.
However, this period spanned almost 100 years and included various socio-economic movements.
There are 9 main types of Victorian houses:
- second empire
- Queen Anne
- Romanesque Revival und Richardsonian Romanesque
- roof tiles
- victorian people
What types of Victorian houses are there?
The Victorian era lasted from 1820 to 1914, which roughly corresponded to the reign of Queen Victoria.
This period consisted of a class-based society, changes in politics, a booming economy and the height of the British Empire.
Different styles of architecture have become common over time. However, you are likely to find many of these features in a Victorian home:
- Bay window
- shiny exteriors
- 2-3 stories
- Features of the window
- elaborate carpentry
- On the balcony
- Pitched and gable roofs
1. Gothic Revival (1830-1860)
Neo-Gothic is part of the architecture of the Romantic period.
This style has found popularity in both residential and commercial buildings. It was inspired by medieval churches, as evidenced by the pointed features and intricate decorative details.
The roofs of these houses had steep slopes and transverse gables, as well as ornamental and ornate moldings. The windows often reached to the ends of the gables.
Below the gable is an edge plate. You will find ornate decorations on ceiling-wall junctions, doors, windows and porches.
Also, many of these buildings had a terrace on the first floor. Not everything was black and gray: Neo-Gothic houses hadmany coloursand textured walls. Some other features of these houses were:
- molded parapets
- grouped chimneys
- Decorative tracery around the windows
- asymmetric bases
- Bay window, quatrefoil, shamrock and pointed window
The High Gothic style updated the traditional Gothic Revival architecture. He used masonry, stonework, patterned brick, and strong vertical lines. You would find images of gargoyles, leaves and birds.
Carpenter's Gothic houses were inspired by two pattern books:Victorian country housesjThe architecture of country houses.
These homes had top bargeboards, lath paneling, bay windows, and vertical boards.
2. Italian (1840-1870)
Italian-style houses were also reminiscent of the Romantic era.
They reflected Italian villages in Umbria, Tuscany and Lombardy. These two and three storey houses hadhip roofs, wide eaves and covered porches on one level.
Many also had curved arches on the windows and doors at the front of the house. The windows were long, narrow, and ornate. In addition, the porticoes, cornices and portals showed complexity.
You might also consider an Italian home for its ornate brackets and Corinthian columns. Additional features included:
- double doors
- with rustic
- Glass panes on the doors
- enriched exterior
- destiny mold
- eyebrow window heads
Originally, the Italian style only existed on farms. Commercial buildings later took over the characteristics of the company.
3. Second Empire (1852-1870)
The Second Empire style originated in France. Around this time, American cities were starting to get bigger and more diverse, and this urban revolution appeared in architecture.
These Victorian houses had distinctive high facades and mansard roofs.
these four pagessloping ceilingsThey also have diamond-shaped mansard windows. Many of these homes have rectangular or square floor plans, decorative woodwork, and large attics. You will also find double entrance doors.
4. Palo (1860-1890)
The wooden houses lookedTudor houses. They had staff work that manifested as horizontal, diagonal, and vertical planks along the outside.
These wooden houses had:
- overhanging eaves
- tufted trusses
- edge plates
- square windows
- False gables or sloping ceilings
- Eastlake tun vertical borda
- extended supports
- Wide edges under cornices
What set the Stick houses apart from other Victorian houses was the lack of bay windows and a more subdued interior.
5. Queen Anne (1875-1905)
Queen Anne houses were among the most well-known architectural styles of the 1880s.
You can recognize these houses by their irregular roof shapes, steep slopes, and forward-facing gables. Balconies extended to one side of the house.
Some houses had partial porches, while others were full-width, covering the front of the house.
Adornments in Queen Anne homes included spindles on the railings and porch brackets, columns with detailed corners, and gables extending from the roof. Other distinguishing features were:
- Variety of roof shapes
- overhanging eaves
- Round, square and polygonal towers
- asymmetrical facades
- Dutch and molded gables
- Slate and wooden roofs
- Second floor porches and railings
- Sunbeams on windows and porch friezes
- converted posts
- caps on the roofs
- monumental chimneys
- Terracotta tiles, fish scale wood tiles, diamond tiles, patterned raised panels and horizontal board cladding
- painted balustrades
- Bay window or bay window
There are two types of Queen Anne homes: Spindlework and Free Classic. The revolving houses had intricate woodwork and turned posts, while the Free Classic featured classic porch columns.
Although this style is one of the most popular, it was inaccessible to many people during the Victorian era.
6. Ostsee (1868-1890)
Eastlake's architecture was inspired by Charles L. Eastlake's book on furniture and interior designHints of domestic taste in furniture, upholstery and other details.
"Eastlake" is considered by some historians to describe a family of ornaments found on the surface of other Victorian houses, such as B. Stick to Stick Eastlake homes.
Others consider some buildings to be purely Eastlake, which would make it an architectural style. Architects sometimes designed features of homes that conformed to the Eastlake style, such as B. Decks and porches.
This Victorian home has carved, angular and carved features rather than curves. The decorative elements are shaped or turned in wood with mechanical saws. Eastlake style elements include:
- Perforated gables and pediments
- crimped spindles
- curved supports
- Veranda Trellis Trellis
- veranda with sloping ceilings
- wrought iron coat of arms
- carved panels
- Oversized struts, porch posts, balustrades, curtains, railings and bargeboards
These houses combined light and heavy elements to add depth to a building. Components were usually ordered from a catalog and assembled in-house.
You would find these homes with earth tones or multiple colors to bring out the different elements. The house was generally darker in body with a lighter finish.
7. Romanesque Revival and Richardsonian Romanesque (1840-1900)
The Romanesque revival was inspired by European churches, as evidenced by the towers and arches. It also featured brick facades, reddish tones, and intricate stone accents.
What distinguished these houses was the lack of Victorian wood paneling. Other distinguishing features of the Romanesque are:
- curved arches
- Thick, cavernous doors and window openings
- Square or round towers with conical roofs
- thick masonry walls
- asymmetrical facades
- Stone, brick and polychrome facades
The Richardsonian Romanesque style is a more Americanized version of the Romanesque Revival.
Henry Hobson Richardson went to Harvard and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts to study architecture. Its distinctive style featured polychrome walls, carved forms, and Syriac arches.
You can find curved arches above the windows,Stone architecture, and distinctive turrets on Richardson-style Romanesque houses. Some other features were:
- hip roofs
- low transept
- Square ashlar
- Limestone, sandstone and granite materials
- Sloping and gable front cover
- Polygonal or circular towers with conical or pyramidal roofs
- gables and gabled roofs
- Groupings of three or more arched windows
- deep sunken windows
8. Teja (1880-1900)
Tile houses had continuous siding and clapboard on the second floor.
You can also find an asymmetrical facade, steep slopes, jagged rooflines, criss-crossing gables, tiered eaves, and sweeping balconies.
These houses signified the rebellion of the architects. Wooden shingles stretched over the roof and sides give the houses a rustic appearance. In addition, they had open interior floor plans and multiple brick fireplaces.
The eaves of the roof were sometimes converted into carriage projections and porches, adding a sense of fluidity and connection to the house. Some variations of clapboard houses included squat central towers and tall spiers.
Others had Palladian windows and vaulted or crossed ceilings. Stone arches can also be found on porches and windows. Sometimes the walls had patterned or wavy tiles. Others departed from wood with raw stone.
9. Populares Viktorianisches (1870-1910)
Popular Victorian houses combine parts of the American farmhouse style, classic English country house and romance.
These houses are usually found in rural areas due to their functional advantages for those located outside of the urban environment.
This simple architectural style is the most common, although you probably picture Queen Anne when you think of Victorian houses. They feature a boxy look, pitched roofs, porches, and detailed finishes.
Such houses are two-story, and often have two-story verandas. The popular Victorian style arose from the availability of glass, millstones and wood.
They had a simple folk body with Victorian details and proportions. Other features are:
- gable ornament
- Twisted columns on balconies
- Decorated brackets and railings
- wooden frame
- vertical windows
- Pyramid or hipped roofs
Frequently Asked Questions
Randy Andy / Shutterstock
Here are some popular questions about Victorian house types.
Which city has the most Victorian houses?
In the United States, you will find many Victorian homes in Lawrence, Kansas. It has Victorian and Queen Anne mansions as well as other English style historic houses.
You can also find beautiful Victorian homes in Eureka, California and New Hope, Pennsylvania.
What is the difference between Victorian and Edwardian houses?
In general, Victorian houses have the following characteristics:
- Bay window
- Horns for sliding windows
- high pitched roofs
- decorative brick
Edwardian houses differ from Victorian houses in that they feature:
- half-timbered balconies
- large proportions
- Georgian Revival architecture
- Influences of the Arts and Crafts movement
- big crystals
Did Victorian houses have moldings?
Many Victorian houses featured crown moldings framing the ceilings and displayed medallions and sconces.
The crown frame was made of wood, plaster or polyurethane and colored with enamels.
Do Victorian houses have stained glass windows?
Queen Anne style houses often featured stained glass windows.
However, the average house in the Victorian era did not come with stained glass.